2010 Cultural Capital

'Medya Bölümü' forumunda Wish tarafından 11 Aralık 2009 tarihinde açılan konu

  1. istanbul cultural capital in 2010
    2010 Avrupa Kültür Başkenti İstanbul
    2010 eu cultural capital
    european capital of culture 2010


    Istanbul was known as the city on the seven hills. Whether Constantine the Great was actually aware of the fact that the new city was, founded on seven hills remains uncertain.

    The seven hills, all located in the area within the walls, first appeared when the valleys of the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus were opened up during the Secondary and Tertiary periods. In the Ottoman, as in the earlier Byzantine period, each hill was surmounted by monumental religious buildings.

    The first hill on which the ancient city of Byzantium was founded, begins from Seraglio Point and extends over the whole area containing Hagia Sophia, the Sultan Ahmet Mosque and Topkapi Palace.

    On the second hill are to be found the Nuruosmaniye Mosque, Grand Bazaar and cemberlitas. The second hill is divided from the first by a fairly deep valley running from Babiali on the east Eminonu.

    The third hill is now occupied by the main buildings of Istanbul University, the Mosque of Beyazit to the south and the Mosque and Complex of Suleymaniye to the north. The southern slopes of the hill descend to Kumkapi and Langa.

    The fourth hill on which stood the Church of the Holy Aposties and, subsequently, the Mosque of Mehmet the Conqueror, slopes down rather steeply to the Golden Horn on the north and, rather more gently, to Aksaray on the south.

    On the fifth hill we find the Mosque of Sultan Selim. The fifth and the sixth hills are separated by the valley running down on the west to Balat on the shore of the Golden Horn.

    On the sixth hill are to be found the districts of Edirnekapi and Ayvansaray Its gentle slopes run out beyond the line of the defense walls.

    The seventh hill extends from Aksaray to the city defense walls and the Marmara. It is a broad hill with three summits producing a triangle with apices at Topkapi, Aksaray, and Yedikule.


    İstanbul is very important place in the world.The city is spread over an area of 7.500 km2 150 km long and 50 km wide.Istanbul became the biggest and the most crowded city of Europe.Because, ıts location between Asia and Europe, the city always had a great geopolitical importance.the city population is estimate 12 to15 millions.

    Around 2 millions tourists visit İstanbul every year.They are see the historical and natural beauties of the city. The city has a lots of historical mosque,church and museums of Turkey.


    Çamlıca hill is the higgest hill in İstanbul.It is 263 m. high from the sea level.It was used as a picnic area.In the 1980 is the Touring Automobile Association built a series of restaurant,a Turkish cafe and a park.


    The large square at the end of the Istıklal street is the Taksim square, which is one of the most active centers of İstanbul.The square is the most important for Istanbul.There are a lot of different counturies people.There are a lot of big department store this place is really beatiful.

    The project preparations were started in1950.The bridge building started in 1970.It was completed on 29 October 1973.
    It was built by German and England engineers.Thirty five engineers and four hundred Turkish workers were employed during the construstion.Its cost was $25 millions.The height of the bridge from sea is 64 m.
    The Atatürk Bridge carries 200.000 vehicles and 600.000 people a day.


    The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge was built between 1985 and 1988 the opening date was at the save time the 535th anniversary of the Otoman conquest of the city.


    It was built by Architect Sinan, the most famous architect at Ottoman history between 1550-1557 Süleymaniye Mosque, according to the construction reports of those days,5.723 workers (of these 1.713 are Moslems, 3.523 Christians ) completed the construction in 2.7 million working days.The cost of the mosque is $60 millions today.


    The leandros Tower covers on area of 1250 m2 and was built 200 metres from the Usküdar beach.It has got a intelligent history.

    One day a witch has got apples for the girl and gave her a poisana us apple, she did after eating it.That is why the tower is called the Leandros Tower


    This tower at the slopes of Galata is visible every where in the city, and is 61 m. tall.The tower is at the hill which over looks both to the Bospherus and the Golden Horn and the sea of Marmara.
    One day,an scientist named Hazerfen Ahmet Çelebi jumped down the tower and flew to the opposite side of the Bosphorus strait by using the wings which he had invented ( 17th century )

    It was constructed with the order of Yıldırım Beyazıd in 1393, during one of the sicges of İstanbul.It is opposite to the Rumeli

    Hisarı.In the previous period there was a Christian Church at the same place.
    Its original name was Güzelce Hisar.
    There are a lots of pashas villas.These are the Bahriyeli Sedat Bey Villa, the Zarif Mustafa Pahsa Villa, constructed in the 19 th century; the Yağcı Sefik Bey Villa, constructed in 1905 and the Hasan Pahsa Villa.

    The Dolmabahçe Palace Museum was built between 1611-1614.It ıs that 14 tens of gold and 40 tons of silver were used for the decoration of the palace.The furniture was bought from Paris, the vases from Hereke and Lyan , the crytal materials from Bccarant and the the can dlesticks from England with special order.Almost all of 131 large and 99smal hand-made carpets are silk carpets, and they were woven in the royal workshops in Hereke.The total area covered by the carpets is 4.500 square meters.The total area at the palace is 250.000 square meters.

    There are 12 gates.There are 285 rooms, 43 holls, 6 balconies, 6 hamams and 1427 windows.In the deconation, 156 clocks, 280 vases and 58 candle sticks.By the way, the carpet of 124 m2 is the second largest hand-made Hereke carpet in Turkey.

    Yildiz Palace and Gardens
    The second largest palace in Istanbul, Yildiz Palace is set within large gardens and woodland and includes a complex of pavilions and a mosque. Within walking distance of the Conrad Istanbul hotel.

    Dolmabahçe Palacemaviekspres.com
    Built in the mid-19th century at the decline of the Ottoman Empire, the Dolmabahçe Palace is vast and located on Istanbul's west shore of the Bosphorus. The palace is just a five-minute drive from the Conrad Istanbul hotel.

    Topkapi Palace
    Now one of Istanbul's leading museums, the Topkapi Palace was the imperial residence of the great Ottoman Empire for almost 400 years until the reign of Abdülmecid. Its spectacular museum is famed for its large collections of Chinese and Japanese porcelain. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel.

    Haghia Sophia
    This Byzantine church is one of Istanbul's most well-known landmarks and few visitors to Istanbul miss a trip to view its extraordinary interior. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel.

    Blue Mosquemaviekspres.com
    Dating from the 17th century, this is one of the largest mosques in Istanbul and is one of the principal features on Istanbul's skyline. On the east side of the mosque is the Arasta, a bazaar for the various tradesman's guilds. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel.

    Grand Bazaar (Kapali Carsi)maviekspres.com
    A vast labyrinth of little streets lined with over 4000 shops selling rugs, pottery, jewellery and countless other goodies. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel.

    St Savior in Chora Museum (Kariye Camii)
    This museum is famous for its fascinating mosaics and frescoes, many of which date back to the 13th and 14th centuries, and are by far the most important works of Byzantine pictorial art known today. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel.

    Basilica Cistern
    Discover the grandiose nature of the past when touring through Istanbul's largest and most magnificent underground cistern. Built by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century to supply water to the nearby palace complex, the cistern has a total of 336 decorated columns. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel

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